John Constable & William Turner

John Constable

11 June 1776 – 31st March 1837

Constable was an English landscape painter in the Romantic tradition. He was born in Suffolk and known for revolutionising the genre of landscape painting.

He relied on studies to complete and compose his work. He made full size preliminary sketches of his paintings. His style was free for his day, and as well as beautiful oils, he also produced stunning watercolours. You can see his beautiful skies in these stunning landscapes.

Wivenhoe ParkDedham Vale and The Hay Wain are some of Constable’s most famous paintings.

John Constable - Wivenhoe Park, Essex
John Constable, (1816), Wivenhoe Park
John Constable, (1802), Dedham Vale
John Constable, (1821), The Hay Wain)

Although Constable was a great painter, his work is a little too traditional for my taste. It has realism, and is beautiful in its own right, but it doesn’t move me; it doesn’t make me feel anything. I can appreciate its greatness, but I do not feel spoken to. It feels like a representation, rather than a form of expression. His paintings are amazing landscape renditions. The colours are accurate and the details look perfect. The cloud renditions are amazing and look realistic. Constable paid great attention to detail, and the composition within the paintings is, in my opinion, well balanced, and pleasing to the eye.

J.M.W. Turner

23rd April 1775 – 19th December 1851

Turner was an English Romantic painter, watercolourist and printmaker. He is known for his imaginative landscapes and turbulent marine paintings. He was a controversial character, never marrying, but fathering 2 sons to his housekeeper. He was recognised as an artistic genius, but drew criticism from his contemporaries.

Turner used watercolour technique with oil paints, which created lightness and ephemeral effects. In his later years, he used oils more transparently and used shimmering colour to create an effect of pure light.

William Turner, (1810-1812) Snow Storm: Hannibal and his Army Crossing the Alps
William Turner, (1844), Rain, Steam and Speed – The Great Western Railway
William Turner, (c. 1845), Norham Castle, Sunrise

I had never really studied any of Turner’s work, and I am really taken with it. Each painting is alive, it almost breathes. His work is full of emotion, and is expressive and creative. I love his delicate colours and expressionistic approach. The subjects are almost implied and suggested, rather than recreated in great detail. The three paintings here have really moved me. I feel like I am immersed in them when I gaze upon them. I am so impressed that I am planning on taking a trip down to the Tate Britain gallery in London, to see his exhibition.

REFERENCES

John Constable, (1816), Wivenhoe Park At: https://artsandculture.google.com/asset/wivenhoe-park-essex/vAG0ovJU1U65Rw?hl=en-GB (Accessed 22/05/21)

John Constable, (1802), Dedham Vale At: https://mydailyartdisplay.wordpress.com/2011/11/06/dedham-vale-and-the-vale-of-dedham-by-john-constable/ (Accessed 22/05/21)

John Constable, (1821), The Hay Wain At: http://www.john-constable.net/hay-wain/ (Accessed 22/05/21)

William Turner, (1810-1812) Snow Storm: Hannibal and his Army Crossing the Alps At: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Snow_Storm:_Hannibal_and_his_Army_Crossing_the_Alps#/media/File:Joseph_Mallord_William_Turner_081.jpg (Accessed 22/05/21)

William Turner, (1844), Rain, Steam and Speed – The Great Western Railway At: https://www.nationalgallery.org.uk/paintings/joseph-mallord-william-turner-rain-steam-and-speed-the-great-western-railway (Accessed 22/05/21)

William Turner, (c. 1845), Norham Castle, Sunrise At: https://www.tate.org.uk/art/artworks/turner-norham-castle-sunrise-n01981 (Accessed 22/05/21)

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